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Intellectual entrepreneurship and sustainable economic development in europe's post-communist countries




        In mid-90s an intriguing type of entrepreneurship exercised by intellectuals was identified in Poland. These entrepreneurs were subject to various empirical studies.

        In the beginning any symptoms of intellectuals' entrepreneurship were considered a suspended entrepreneurship conditioned by culture and economy. However, the interviews conducted in Sweden and the U.S. among effective entrepreneurs who do not perceive themselves as intellectuals yielded interesting similarities between their operation and the results of this operation to the characteristics of the Polish intellectual entrepreneurs. The result of this is a hypothesis, which says that intellectuals' entrepreneurship is an exceptional case of intellectual entrepreneurship understood as part of successful entrepreneurship endeavoured in contemporary knowledge-based societies. This kind of intellectual entrepreneurship closely corresponds to the concept of intellectual capital along with a still-to-be-analysed concept of knowledge intensive product and with a more and more popular concept of an enterprise breeding knowledge or knowledge created in the application process. Intellectual entrepreneurship becomes part of studies on exemplification and the results of ever-growing knowledge in the operation of contemporary economic entities. It seems to have significant implications for sustainable or even accelerated development of European post-communist countries.